House mice only seem cute and fluffy creatures. In fact, they cause many problems, damaging and destroying food and valuable items. To get rid of them in a relatively humane way, you can make a mouse or rat trap with your own hands from plastic bottles. It is not difficult to get the basic material, and the effectiveness of such devices is not lower than factory designs.
The advantages of homemade mouse & rat traps
Ready-made traps differ in the principle of action. Some hold or kill the mouse, others scare it away with ultrasound. The use of certain types of traps is unacceptable if there are pets or children in the house who might accidentally get into the trap or be poisoned by the chemicals used.
The main advantages of homemade traps for rat and mice:
Availability. You can make a device quickly with your own hands with the help of devices available in every house: a bucket, a tree, a plastic bottle and scissors. The designs are simple, the mechanism can be built without certain skills, abilities and knowledge.
Humanity. If you cannot kill the animal, you can use a mousetrap in which the animal does not suffer.
Security. A homemade device for catching rodents does not require the removal of children and other family members from home.
Reusability. With one trap, you can catch several mice or rats.
Lack of control. The mechanism of operation of some devices does not require constant monitoring, since the mousetraps are equipped with a self-loading device. You can leave the trap and leave for a few days (maximum week – to avoid the appearance of an unpleasant odor).
Humanity has never been particularly friendly with mice. Due to the fact that rodents carried dangerous diseases, damaged the crop and spoiled human life in every way, people always tried to get rid of them. For these purposes, a variety of poisons were created, and simple and complex mechanisms – rodent traps – were invented. But before buying or making your best rat trap, it is necessary to determine the presence of rodents and their habitat.
Detecting the presence of mice and rats in the house is quite simple. It is necessary to sprinkle suspicious places with flour and leave them in this state for the night. If in the morning you find footprints, then you can safely conclude the appearance of rodents. Also, if you find holes in the corners of the walls or waste of mouse activity, this will be evidence that rodents have started up in your house. So, it’s time to start catching them before they have time to cause significant harm to property and health.
Such traps are designed to exterminate the mouse population. They show high efficiency and allow you to quickly get rid of annoying animals. Such devices are of the following types:
Humane mouse & rat traps
Despite the fact that mice are unconditional pests and interfere with the normal living of a person, not everyone is ready to take the life of these creatures. In such cases, other types of mouse traps are used – harmless.
Such devices can be purchased at the nearest home goods store, or made with your own hands. The caught animal can be released in the nearest forest landing or released into the wild away from home.
Plastic Bottle Mousetraps
Empty plastic bottles have long ceased to be used for their intended purpose. They make interesting crafts, useful and not very adaptations, and are used in every way in the household. Such junk material may be useful for catching small rodents.
Probably the easiest bottle trap. You need to pour a small amount of unrefined vegetable oil into the bottle, and the trap can be considered ready.
First off, butter is an excellent rodent bait.
Secondly, the inner walls of the containers, oiled, will not allow the mice to get out.
Attention! The bottle is closed with a stopper and shaken several times and the cap is removed. This is necessary so that the oil spreads over the walls and becomes another obstacle to exit.
The oil bottle is set at a slight slope so that rodents have the opportunity to get inside. If possible, we fix the neck or the bottle itself so that it does not fall.
Once in a container, the mouse will be in oil and will not be able to get to the surface.
Winter hare trap
Mousetrap on a wooden stand
To make such an adaptation, it is necessary to perform some preparatory work. First of all, you need a small plank for the base, a wooden block for the trap, metal wire and a plastic bottle.
Gravity rat trap
This homemade mouse & rat trap uses the simplest laws of physics to catch mice. To assemble the structure we need a two-liter plastic bottle, thread and bait.
When hunting for bait, the rodent will shift the balance toward the bottom. As a result, the bottle will begin to fall, dragging the rodent along. But it will never reach the floor, as she is held tight by the thread.
First of all, you should not count on the absolute effectiveness of the mousetrap, even the most successful and effective, at first glance, trap can fail, so it will be useful to observe how the mouse falls into the trap and, most importantly, how it tries to get out of it. Such observations can be very useful when the time comes to make a new, more cunning mousetrap.
When planning the design of the mousetrap, three factors must be taken into account:
The plastic bottles from which the traps are made must be changed at least once a month;
Poisons and toxic substances cannot be used in mousetraps;
The complexity of making a mousetrap from a plastic bottle should be minimal, otherwise this activity will quickly get bored.
The rodent has the ability to pick up the finest odors. If a dozen mice hit the mousetrap, then the smell of panic signals will remain on the plastic bottle. Such mousetraps need to be thrown away without regret, and a new trap can be made to replace the old one.
The material of the plastic bottle does not present a special obstacle for the rodent, therefore it is important not only to catch, but also to get the mouse out of the trap on time, until the animal just bites through the hole and escapes with the bait.
Homemade trap of cans and coins
A mousetrap from a can is suitable for those who are not ready to kill rodents. The mouse will be trapped, while its health will not be affected. To make a trap you will need a jar (you can use a pot) and a coin or button.
The edge of the can is lifted and mounted on a coin, which serves as a support. The hook with the bait is fixed inside the tank with a thread. A treat for rodents is best placed at a distance of 2-4 cm from the surface. This achieves greater device efficiency.
The thread is fixed on the rod, which sets in the middle of the can. As a rod, you can use a branch or wire. The principle of operation is to tension the thread and pull out the support from under the can after the mouse tries to get a treat, while inside the container. The jar covers the rodent and holds it in a trap (see video).
The main disadvantage is the lack of automatic reloading. Catching one mouse, the device must be reinstalled. To get a caught rodent, a thick sheet of cardboard or a flat plate should be placed under the structure. To facilitate the design of the mousetrap, instead of the rod and thread, you can glue the bait on the wall of the can with your own hands. When the mouse touches it, the design will lose balance, and the rodent will be trapped.