Waste management is one area where most people face a bit of difficulty – especially if you live in one of the flats in Dhaka, which is the central district in Bangladesh. Earlier when people used to live in the rural areas in villas surrounded by their plot of land, there were several ways in which the waste was treated. Some of the traditional houses in Dhaka had the mechanism to develop biogas, a pit to decompose organic waste (which would then be used as fertilizer), burning up plastic waste, and so on. But today, waste management is a lot more complex.
Today, there are flats and villas very close to each other, and the population too has increased considerably. The amount of plastic waste has increased, and people no longer are farmers or have time to look into biogas preparation (probably they don’t even know). If you are living in any of the flats in Thrissur, then you might know that it is indeed difficult to dispose of waste. There might be municipality workers who are assigned to regularly collect waste from your flats or villas. But they don’t show up every day. They come on specific days during the week to collect food and plastic waste.
Now, there are different kinds of waste. Hence, you need to be educated yourself before you hand over waste to the worker coming over to collect them. If you have already sorted them out well, then it makes it easier for the collector and the waste management treatment plant to effectively dispose of the waste they collect. Thus, you can play a vital role in effective waste management that can help take care of the environment too.
Different types of waste
Before you hand over the waste from your home to be collected by the municipality worker, segregate your waste as per the categories below:
Wet waste is also mainly known as kitchen waste, and mainly consists of vegetable or fruit peels, leftover food or rotten food, eggshells, fish waste, etc. These are the common types of waste that every apartment would have.
Dry waste contains all the plastic bottles, rags, leather, crockery, cardboard boxes, sack, baskets, etc. which you collect and give away to be picked up by the municipality worker. Every home would have this sort of waste too, and when it comes to an apartment, management of this sort of waste is a real hassle.
Toxic wastes are dangerous as they can pollute the environment and can be found in different states – like gas, liquid or solid-state. A few examples of toxic wastes that can be found in your home include cleaning agents, pesticides, batteries, paints, solvents, etc. If you have any of these, it is best to segregate them separately and then hand them over to the collector.
Sanitary waste includes waste such as sanitary napkins, baby diapers, used mensural clothes, other things like bandages, knee caps, etc. These are also common in every home, especially if a family is staying at the apartment.
How to manage the waste in your apartment – the best practices
The success of waste management in your apartment depends a lot on you. The effective mantra of any waste management is the 3 R’s – which consists of the aspects of Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. We’ll discuss these three aspects of waste management.
The best way to manage your waste is to reduce generating waste to the best you could. Reduce the consumption of items which can have a lot of waste and also avoid usage of things which are not necessary. When you buy fish, vegetables, and fruits, try to buy those that are already cleaned or those have minimal waste, so waste management is not a burden for you later.
Try to reuse the stuff that could help you in reducing waste. For eg, avoid using bags from supermarkets and shops, instead keep one with you and use that instead. Instead of using face tissues and napkins, try using clean towels that can be reused.
It may not be possible for you to recycle the waste, but segregating the waste into different categories in different boxes would really help in managing the waste. So it’d really help the authorities or those who pick up the waste from your house. Another thing you can do towards recycling is setting up a biogas plant. This would not only help you in managing the waste but also to recycle it to cooking gas, which would, in turn, save you some money also.
So, from the above, it is evident that waste a big part of your waste management process depends upon how you organize the same. The better you organize, the easier it is for you to handle the waste when you’re doing so. By having a good understanding of the wastes that are there in your home or flat, you will have a better knowledge to segregate them and take appropriate measures to dispose of them. If you live in any of the flats in Dhaka, then segregation is an excellent plan to be included in your waste management plan.
Also, to all those planning on buying a flat, have a discussion with the local builders on how they have constructed the building and regarding the area, they have chosen for waste management plans – how effectively does the municipality collect waste and so on. Nowadays, it has become mandatory for many local administrations to have a waste management plant in the apartments for getting required approvals.
There are several builders that promote eco-friendly building styles. Make smart decisions. Segregate wastes, keep your home clean while also helping to protect your environment with effective waste management and so finally contribute your part in helping the planet a better place to live in. Once you gain knowledge of effective waste disposal, take the necessary steps to educate your neighbors as well; thus, helping to grow a community toward efficient waste management.